Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF

To learn English, it is very important to have knowledge of Verb Tense. Without understanding the tense, neither we can make any sentence nor can we estimate its time nor can we speak the sentence properly. That is why in the article Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF, you have been given detailed information about the differences of tenses and types of tenses. With which you can easily learn Tense.

This article will also examine the minor mistakes made while speaking your English and will provide you with a better knowledge of learning Verb tenses. If you want to refer to time in an English presentation, speech, or writing, then you need to use different verb forms. So let’s know what is tense and how can you use it with the help of the Tense Chart.

Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF

Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF

Definition of Tense: “The Tense of a verb shows the time of an action. It tells us whether it has taken place in the present time, past time, or in the future time”.

There are mainly three types of verb tenses in English.

  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense

Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF

Examples Of Tenses:

  1. Present Tense: I play cricket. (Today)
  2. Past Tense: I played cricket. (Yesterday)
  3. Future Tense: I will play cricket. (Tomorrow)

Present Tense

Present Tense definition:

The verb tense which describes the present activity or state of being is called present tense”. In other words, When we describe an action that is in the present, we use the Present Tense.

Example Of Present Tense

  1. I play.
  2. He writes.
  3. You sing.
  4. Mack writes the letters.
  5. The singer is singing nicely.
  6. The movie is fantastic.
  7. We are excited to go to the picnic.
  8. Virat wants to sing.
  9. Lisa loves to read books.
  10. Maya is upset.

Past Tense

Past Tense definition:

“The verb tense which describes the past activity or a past state of being is called past tense”. In other words, The form of the verb gives the sense of the past. It is called the Past tense.

Examples of Past Tense

  1. I played.
  2. He wrote.
  3. You sang.
  4. We ate meat with my best friend yesterday.
  5. He left the school in 2009.
  6. He bought a new house last month.
  7. Rohit came home very late last night.
  8. Last year I traveled to London.
  9. An old woman sat down and read her book.
  10. Smith studied hard all year.

Future Tense

Future Tense definition:

“The verb tense which describes the future activity or a future state of being is called future tense”. The form of the verb gives the sense of the future. It is called the Future tense.

Examples of Future Tense:

  1. I shall play.
  2. He will right.
  3. You will sing.
  4. Roy will be going to the varsity.
  5. Sam will have reached the place by now.
  6. I will help you to do the project.
  7. Mack will assist you in this case.
  8. We will have reached home before you come.
  9. Maxwell will come to our place.
  10. Robinson will sing country songs in the program.

Each Tense is divided into four parts, which denotes the different stages of an action. The details of which are given below. If you want to learn Tense well then please read the whole article thoroughly because every line of it is important. We have used the Tense chart for your better understanding which will help you to learn Tense better.

Types Of Present Tense with Examples(Tense Chart)

Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF

The present tense is divided into four parts, whose information is given below:

  1. Present Simple tense
  2. Present continuous tense
  3. Present perfect tense
  4. Present perfect continuous tense

Present Simple Tense


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+Verb 1st form (s, es)+Object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+does not/do not+Verb 1st form+Object.

Interrogative Sentence: Do/Does+Verb 1st form+Object.

When the sentence started with the question word

Question Word+Do/Does+Verb 1st form+Object.

Present Simple Tense is used:

1. To express what is actually happening at the present moment.

  • She reads a book.

2. To express custom or habit

  • Cow gives us milk.

3. To express a general truth

  • The sun rises in the east.

4. To express scientific facts

  • Magnets attract iron.

Present Simple Tense Examples

  1. My father goes to the gym every day.
  2. Does he go to school?
  3. They talk too much.
  4. It smells very delicious in the kitchen.
  5. It usually rains every day here.

Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous Tense is used to express an action going on at the time of speaking.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+is/am/are+Verb 1st form+ing+Object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+is/am/are+not+Verb 1st form+ing+Object.

Interrogative Sentence: Is/Am/Are+Subject+Verb 1st form+ing+Object.

When the sentence started with a question word

Question Word+is/am/are+Subject+Verb 1st+Object.

Present Continuous Tense Examples

  1. The poet is writing romantic poems.
  2. They are playing cricket on that field.
  3. I am not quarreling with you.
  4. The lyricist is writing realistic songs.
  5. Are you listening to realistic songs?

Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action beginning at some time in the past and is completed at the present time.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+has/have+Verb 3rd Form+Object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+has/have+not+Verb 3rd Form+Object.

Interrogative Sentence: Has/Have+Subject+Verb 3rd Form+Object.

When the sentence started with a question word

Question Word+has/have+Subject+Verb 3rd Form+Object.

Present Perfect Tense Examples

  1. There has been an accident.
  2. People have not traveled to Venus.
  3. They have bought a new car.
  4. Jack has studied two foreign languages.
  5. I have studied at home for one hour.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense shows that the action that began in the past is still continuing up to the present time.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+has/have been+Verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+has/have+not+been+Verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Object.

Interrogative Sentence: Has/Have+Subject+been+Verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Object.

When the sentence started with a question word

Question Word+has/have+Subject+been+Verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Object.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense Examples

  1. She has been finding the dress since morning.
  2. You have been shopping in that market for three hours.
  3. I have been singing different kinds of songs, especially modern ones.
  4. We have been shopping at this fair for two hours.
  5. He has been reading the book for two hours.

Types Of Past Tense with Examples(Tense Chart)

Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF

  1. Past Simple tense
  2. Past continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past perfect continuous tense

1. Past Simple Tense

The Past Simple Tense is used to express an action that takes place in the past time.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+Verb 2nd form+object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+did not+Verb 1st form+object.

Interrogative Sentence: Did not+Subject+Verb 1st form+object.

If the Sentence started with Question Word

Question Word+did not+Verb 1st form+object.

Past Simple Tense Examples

  1. She spoke good English.
  2.  When did you buy this mobile?
  3.  John played football, didn’t he?
  4.  My mother cooked delicious food yesterday.
  5.  I wrote an email to my brother.

2. Past Continuous tense

The Past Continuous Tense is used to express an action that began and was continuing in past time.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+was/were+Verb 1st form+ing+object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+was/were+not+Verb 1st form+ing+object.

Interrogative Sentence: Was/Were+Subject+Verb 1st form+ing+object.

If the Sentence started with a Question Word,

Question Word+Was/Were+Subject+Verb 1st form+ing+object.

Past Continuous tense Examples

  1. He was doing a great job.
  2. My mobile wasn’t working properly.
  3. The teacher was teaching in a class.
  4. They weren’t studying English these days.
  5. Salena was buying a new iPhone.
  6. She wasn’t coming to the party.

3. Past Perfect Tense

The Past Perfect Tense is used when we wish to say that from Action had been completed before another had commenced double accessing the previous action is put into past perfect tense.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+had+Verb 3rd form+object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+had+not+Verb 3rd form+object.

Interrogative Sentence: Had+Subject+Verb 3rd form+object.

Q.W+had+Subject+Verb 3rd form+object.

Past Perfect Tense Examples

  1. I came here after you had left.
  2. They had played football in that field before it started to rain.
  3. We had shopped in that shop before we came home.
  4. We had watched a movie in that Cineplex before he came.
  5. You had shopped in that market before you came home.

4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense so that the action had continued for a certain time before a certain instant in the past.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+had+been+Verb 1st form+ing+object+since/for+Time.

Negative Sentence: Subject+had+not+been+Verb 1st form+ing+object+since/for+Time.

Interrogative Sentence: Had+Subject+been+Verb 1st form+ing+object+since/for+Time.

Q.W+Had+Subject+been+Verb 1st form+ing+object+since/for+Time.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense Examples

  1. I had been decorating my house for three days.
  2. He had been living in London since 2010.
  3. We had been helping poor people for six months.
  4. It had been raining for seven days.
  5. Kids had been watching a movie for three hours.

Types Of Future Tense with Examples(Tense Chart)

Tense Chart With Rules And Examples PDF

1. Future Simple Tense

Future Simple Tense is used to express some future actions or events; as,


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+will+Verb 1st form+object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+will+not+Verb 1st form+object.

Interrogative Sentence: Will+Subject+Verb 1st form+object.

Q.w+Will+Subject+Verb 1st form+object.

  • I shall go to Mumbai Tomorrow.

In this tense will is used with the second and the third-person pronouns (you, he, she, it, and they), and shall is used with the person pronouns (I and We).

Future Simple Tense Examples

  1. They will play hockey on that field on Thursday.
  2. The lyricist will write a realistic song.
  3. Letty will join us in the meeting.
  4. I will not attend the program because of my busy schedule.
  5. We will go to enjoy the musical drama.

2. Future Continuous Tense

Future Continuous Tense is used to express an action that will be continuing at some point in future time.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+will be+verb+ing+object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+will not be+verb+ing+object.

Interrogative Sentence: Will+Subject+be+verb+ing+object.


  • The boys will be playing then.

Future Continuous Tense Examples

  1. She will be studying at the library tonight.
  2. She won’t be watching the news at eighth.
  3. I’ll be seeing you this time next month.
  4. She will be traveling around the world this time next week.
  5. I will be helping Mack tomorrow.

3. Future Perfect Tense

The Future Perfect Tense denotes that the action will be completed in the future before an action takes place. The verb expressing the previous action is put into the future perfect tense. The verb expressing the subsequent action is put into the present simple tense.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+will have+verb 3rd+object.

Negative Sentence: Subject+will have+not+verb 3rd+object.

Interrogative Sentence: Will+Subject+have+verb 3rd+object.

Q.w+Will+Subject+have+verb 3rd+object.

  • I shall have written this letter before she comes.

Future Perfect Tense Examples

  1. Josh will have read various kinds of books.
  2. They will have played football on that field before you reach.
  3. Sam will not have gone to the library before he comes to the class.
  4. Will we have watched a movie in this Cineplex before you come?
  5. I will have attended the program before I come here.

4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used for actions which will be in progress over a period of time that will end in the future.


Affirmative Sentence: Subject+will have been+verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Time.

Negative Sentence: Subject+will not have been+verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Time

Interrogative Sentence: Will+Subject+have been+verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Time.

Q.w+Will+Subject+have been+verb 1st form+ing+since/for+Time.

  • They will have been teaching for ten years next July.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense Examples

  1. They will have been teaching German for 7 years by the end of this year.
  2. When I finish this school, I will have been learning French for nine years.
  3. At 9 o’clock, we will have been waiting for you for two hours.
  4. He will not have been reading a newspaper tomorrow.
  5. Will you have been making Pasta in the kitchen?

Final Words

We have provided you with a better knowledge of Tense with the help of the Tense chart in the above article. You can learn Tense very easily with the help of a Tense chart. We have explained each part of each tense by example for a better understanding of learning tenses which will be very useful for you. We hope that this is going to be very helpful for you and after reading this article, you would have got a better understanding of tense. If you stay with us like this, then we are getting better for you every day, if you find the given information useful, then definitely tell us by commenting in the comment box below.

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